• News
  • Rehema Aanyu
  • CALL FOR EXPRESSION OF INTEREST TO DEVELOP A SIMPLIFIED GUIDE ON INTEGRATING CLIMATE CHANGE AND...

CALL FOR EXPRESSION OF INTEREST TO DEVELOP A SIMPLIFIED GUIDE ON INTEGRATING CLIMATE CHANGE AND DROUGHT RESILIENCE IN THE WATER AND SANITATION SUB-SECTOR PLANNING PROCESSES

  • Public
By Rehema Aanyu 78 days ago

TERMS OF REFERENCE FOR A SHORT TERM CONSULTANT TO DEVELOP A SIMPLIFIED GUIDELINE FOR THE INTEGRATION OF CLIMATE CHANGE AND DROUGHT RESILIENCE IN THE WATER AND SANITATION SUB-SECTOR PLANNING PROCESSES

 

1.0 Background

The magnitude of climate change impacts differs across the different sectors of development.  However, the current approach to water management has not effectively catered for the uncertainty of climate predictions through adaptive planning. This is largely due to cross-cutting mandates with little coordination of efforts which has often resulted into unsustainable policy practices especially when technical decisions have unintended impacts in other elements of social service delivery systems. In many cases, water and sanitation supply designs have not been adapted to climate change impacts. This has rendered water systems more vulnerable to climate change.

 

In addition public financing has not provided adequate resources for climate change adaptation especially at the local government level where adaptation in water and sanitation remain a critical issue of concern to national development. This has affected productivity especially in a rain-fed agricultural system to the extent that the sector contribution to GDP has fallen from 20% in 2015/2016 to 18% in 2016/2017 due to the prolonged droughts.

 To compound this all, there is inadequate information and discourse on the WASH-Climate change nexus.  Despite several stakeholder dialogues on climate change and drought resilience remains a complex issue of discussion especially when it comes to understanding linkages within the WASH sector to inform integrated planning. This has also made it difficult to communicate easily about climate change especially among the most vulnerable groups and to forge practical responses for adaptation through participatory and inclusive processes.

 1.1 What is climate change integration?

Climate change integration in this context is used to imply climate change mainstreaming, which refers to a process of making informed inclusion of relevant climate change adaptation and mitigation concerns into the decisions of institutions that drive national, local and sectoral development policy, rules, plans, investment and action.[1]

1.2 Why climate change integration in the water and sanitation sub-sector?

Integrating climate change in sectoral plans and programmes harmonises development approaches to policy and programmatic responses. Droughts are on the rise and the western, northern and north-eastern regions have been experiencing more frequent and longer – lasting droughts than have been seen historically. Apart from affecting agriculture, droughts have significantly affected water resources, hydroelectricity production and transport industry among others.

 The effective integration of process will strengthen the development of policies, strategies and plans for long-term and integrated low emission climate resilient development in key sectoral governance entities including the public, CSOs and Private sector plans, programs and investment plans. Integration provides opportunities for a full range of public and private financing mechanisms for national and sub-national planning bodies, civil society organizations and private sector actors to support already prioritized low emission climate resilient developments. The integration process will also ensure that all categories which are vulnerable to climate change including women, children, youth, and elderly among others are integrated in the development processes and are facilitated to cope and adapt to the impacts of climate change.

 The lack of adequate information on climate change has however affected the capacity of stakeholders in adapting to climate resilience measures. Whereas most local governments and other government entities especially at the lower level of administration are not very conversant with policies related to climate change and they lack of adequate information needed in their day-to-day operations, CSOs and the citizens lack the adequate information and capacities to hold the leaders accountable in delivering sustainable and resilient water and sanitation services. This definitely brings on an impediment towards sustainable measures to address the effects of climate change like droughts and famine.

2.0 Developing a simplified guide for integrating climate change and drought resilience into the water and sanitation sub-sector planning 

 In 2014, the National Planning Authority developed guidelines for integrating climate change in sector plans and budgets. The guidelines are a framework to be used for development of sector specific guidelines by the relevant sectors. Development of the guidelines was spearhead by a sectoral technical committee comprising of representatives from government and non-government institutions and was coordinated by the National Planning Authority (NPA). The sectoral technical committee collected data from central and local government institutions that formed a basis for supporting the formulation of the guidelines.

 The Ministry of Water and Environment does not have a sector specific guideline for integration of climate change in sector planning. This has affected the integration of climate change and drought resilience in the sector planning.

 It is against this background, that UWASNET with funding from the Global Water Partnership (GWP) Eastern Africa has engaged a competent short term technical expert to support the development of guidelines to integrate climate change and drought resilience in the water and sanitation sub-sector planning processes to support the sub-sector and its partners especially district local governments and civil society organizations in developing and implement identified priority actions and strategies that promote  innovative climate change adaptation, mitigation and drought resilience  at local and national level.

 2.1 Target audience

The simplified guide will target the water and sanitation sub-sector, Civil Society Organizations (CSO) in particular but taking into consideration available opportunities to disseminate to other key sector players

 2.2 Objective of the task

  1. Define a clear Target group/audience that will apply the guide at different levels of sectoral planning
  2. Provide a description of Sectoral Planning processes where climate change integration will be relevantly applied 
  3. Develop a simplified guide to facilitate integration of climate change and drought resilience in the Water and Sanitation sub-sector planning processes.

 Expected outcome

-        A simplified guide to integrating climate change and drought resilience in the water and sanitation sub-sector

 Expected output

 -        A simplified guide to integrating Climate Change and drought resilience in the water and sanitation sub-sector

 Scope of work and methodology

 -        The consultant will review all relevant sector documents and meet / consult with relevant stakeholders in the Water and Sanitation sub-sector namely Ministry of Water and Environment’s Rural Water Supply and Sanitation Department, Water For Production and CSOs to inform the development of the simplified guide to integration of climate change

-        The work will focus on developing the guide to integrating climate change and drought resilience in the water and sanitation sub-sector

-        The consultant will use his/her expertise and experience to determine the shape, content and methodology to be used in coming up with a simplified version and advise on the modalities of dissemination.

 Scope of work and methodology

 -        The consultant will review all relevant sector documents and meet / consult with relevant stakeholders in the Water and Sanitation sub-sector namely Ministry of Water and Environment’s Rural Water Supply and Sanitation Department, Water For Production and CSOs to inform the development of the simplified guide to integration of climate change

-        The work will focus on developing the guide to integrating climate change and drought resilience in the water and sanitation sub-sector

-        The consultant will use his/her expertise and experience to determine the shape, content and methodology to be used in coming up with a simplified version and advise on the modalities of dissemination.

 

Duration of the assignment

The expected date of delivery is December 22nd, 2017

 


[1] WB (2010); Engaging key national institutions in the adaptation agenda. Mainstreaming adaptation to climate change in agriculture and natural resources management projects